The interaction of artistic forms and reinforced concrete technologies in Lithuanian architecture

Aušra Černauskienė

Doctoral dissertation

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The dissertation examines the interaction of artistic forms and reinforced concrete technologies in contemporary Lithuanian architecture. The object of research is such artistic forms, the main idea of which is expressed by structural and decorative innovations related to concrete material. The goal of the dissertation is to determine the origins and expressions of the interaction and to determine its specific features and potential cultural value in Lithuanian architecture with the help of a two level theoretical model.

To achieve the goal several tasks are solved in the work: the current definition of the interaction of artistic form and reinforced concrete technologies is formulated; aesthetic-technological innovations that have influenced the origins and development of concrete architecture are identified; a theoretical model investigating the specifics of interaction is created, which helps to identify the aesthetic-technological principles of the form and to investigate the unique features of the interaction and cultural value of the objects of the second half of the 20th century Lithuanian architecture; the specificity of the interaction and the preservation possibilities of valuable objects / elements are summarized and the latest forms of the interaction phenomenon are reviewed.

The dissertation consists of an introduction, three chapters, general conclusions, lists of used literature and the author's publications on the topic of the dissertation, and four appendixes.

The first chapter is theoretical, its aim is to reveal the connection between artistic form and technology, identifying the origins of concrete architecture and aesthetic-technological innovations related to it. Works and methodologies researching concrete architecture, which help to formulate a theoretical network of aspects and indicators of interaction specificity, are also examined. In the second chapter, according to the proposed methodology, new forms of interaction in contemporary Lithuanian architecture are investigated. Four groups of buildings are studied according to the artistic-technological principle of form formation: solid spatial shells and folds; modular tectonics and architectural concrete; combined forms; and vertical accommodation models. The third chapter discusses the peculiar and specific features of interaction that are characteristic of the 20th century. Lithuanian concrete architecture; the challenges of concrete architecture as a modern heritage object are highlighted and the possibilities of a theoretical model for solving the problems of modern heritage are considered, and the latest forms of artistic forms and concrete technologies are discussed.

Seven scientific articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals are published on the topic of the dissertation: one of them is refered in Web of Science and two of them in the Scopus databases, three of them in English. The results of the dissertation have been presented in six national and international scientific conferences.

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206 p.
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