Manifestations of postmodern ideas in Lithuanian architecture at the end of 20th – the beginning of the 21st century

Martynas Mankus

Doctoral dissertation

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This dissertation investigates postmodern architecture in Lithuania. The research aims to reveal how this phenomenon of the end of the 20th century was being transferred into the Soviet context, and how it was locally perceived and valued; how did the objects of this period in Lithuanian architecture reflect the fundamental ideas of postmodernism, in which ways were these ideas special and specific; what were the circumstances of their “domestication”; how they determine the concepts, forms, and aesthetic expressions of architectural objects. The following tasks have been formulated: to examine the concept of postmodernism in Western philosophy and cultural theory, to reveal the features of its transfer to architecture; to examine how postmodernism in Lithuania was perceived in the field of culture, and how as it was interpreted by architects, architectural critics and society in general; to identify the formation conditions of the discourse of architectural postmodernism in Lithuanian architecture, its relation to sociocultural processes of the end of the 20th century, to examine its regularities and characteristics; to specify the most illustrative architectural objects of postmodernism in Lithuania, to study the most important features of their expression; to reveal how postmodern ideas influenced the development of Lithuanian architecture, how the features of postmodernism were integrated into the work of the architects, to examine their value based on chronological, aesthetic and socio-cultural criteria. The novelty of the thesis lies in an attempt to comprehensively investigate the expression of postmodern architecture in Lithuania, to identify changes in its development and evaluate the qualities of its artistic expressions. Not only an aesthetic, but also social analysis of this phenomenon going deeper into social conditions, under which postmodern architecture was relevant, provides another aspect of novelty to this research. The analysis of features and characteristics of buildings of the period under research is useful for exploration of Lithuanian architecture of the end of the 20th c. – beginning of the 21st c., in the aspect of history and theory of arts, and has an educational significance. The examples of postmodern architecture and identification of their valuable features helps the processes of documentation, preservation and evaluation of this period architecture. The results obtained during the study can be adapted to improve the listing methodology of the new heritage.

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145×205 mm
180 p.
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