Please use the APA (surname and year) short reference system for citations in the text with a detailed alphabetical list at the end of the paper. For the work by two authors both should be mentioned every time. The word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and the ampersand in parentheses should be used, e.g. Brown and Caste (2004)… or (Brown & Caste, 2004). The first author’s surname followed by et al. should be used if the item have three or more authors (Singh et al., 2012). Write out the full name of the organizations or groups that serve as authors the first time they appear in the text, e.g. (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University [VILNIUS TECH], 2018). For subsequent citations, the name of the group or organization may be abbreviated (VILNIUS TECH, 2018). In case the list of references includes persons bearing the same surnames, the first letter of the author’s name should be indicated, e.g. (V. Paulauskas & D. Paulauskas, 2013). Sources of the same authors and the same year should be mentioned in the following way (Liu, 2013a, 2013b). In case no author is indicated, the title of the source in the signal phrase, and the first word or two of the title in the parentheses should be used (Oxford Dictionary of English, 2010). If there is no date in the source, the abbreviation “n.d.” (for “no date”) should be used. Two or more works by different authors who are cited within the same parentheses should be listed in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname and putting semicolons between them. Please use the transliterated (not translated) version of the names and sources in Cyrillic according to the USA Library of the Congress Romanization rules


See examples in Reference list:

- For a book (Montgomery, 2012; Oxford Dictionary of English, 2010);

- For chapters or parts of edited works included in collections or textbooks (Slack, 2007);

- For journal articles (Chrobot-Mason & Aramovich, 2013; Davoudabadi et al., 2019; Liu, 2013a, 2013b; V. Paulauskas & D. Paulauskas, 2013);

- For internet documents (Brown, 2019; Klibanoff, n.d.);

- For online newspapers (Isaak & Conger, 2018);

- For conference proceedings:

a) published (Saraiji, Harb, & Hamdan, 2011);

b) unpublished (Brown & Caste, 2004);

- For thesis or dissertation (Sledevič, 2016; Suwetwattanakul, 2010);

- For technical reports (Eller & Olson, 2009);

- For working papers (Altunbas, Manganelli, & Marques-Ibanez, 2011);

- For quality standards (European Committee for Standardization, 2005; International Organization for Standardization, 1998);

- For EU publications (European Parliament & Council of the European Union, 2009);

- For videos (Harvard University, 2019);

- For social media posts (Gates, 2019; News from Science, 2019);

- For archives (Wilson, 2000).




Altunbas, Y., Manganelli, S., & Marques-Ibanez, D. (2011). Bank risk during the financial crisis. Do business models matter? (ECB Working Paper Series 1394). European Central Bank.

Bown, J. (2019, December 17). How charity apps may be making us more generous. BBC News.

Chrobot-Mason, D., & Aramovich, N. P. (2013). The psychological benefits of creating an affirming climate for workplace diversity. Group & Organization Management, 38(6), 659689.

Davoudabadi, R., Mousavi, S. M., Šaparauskas, J., & Gitinavard, H. (2019). Solving construction project selection problem by a new uncertain weighting and ranking based on compromise solution with linear assignment approach. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 25(3), 241–251. Eller, A., & Olson, R. (2009). Recycled pavements using foam asphalts in Minnesota (Report No. MN/RC 2009-09). Minnesota Department of Transportation.

. (2005). Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-9: Fatigue (EN 1993-1-9).

European Parliament, & Council of the European Union. (2009). Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC.

Gates, B. [@BillGates]. (2019, September 7). Today, it’s difficult for researchers to diagnose #Alzheimers patients early enough to intervene. A reliable, easy and accurate diagnostic would [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter.

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube. Organization for Standardization. (1998). Ergonomics of the thermal environment – Instruments for measuring physical quantities (ISO 7726:1998). Geneva, Switzerland., & Conger, K. Facebook hack puts thousands of other sites at risk. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.comKlibanoff, A. (n.d.). How sweet it is: the lowdown on sugar substitutes. Retrieved January 8, 2020, from

2444., P. (2013b). Some generalized dependent aggregation operators with intuitionistic linguistic numbers and their application to group decision making. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, 79(1), 131143., D. C. (2012). Introduction to statistical quality control (7th ed.). Wiley.

News From Science. (2019, June 21). Are you a fan of astronomy? Enjoy reading about what scientists have discovered in our solar system – and beyond? This [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook.

Oxford Dictionary of English (3rd ed.). (2010). Oxford University Press.

Paulauskas, V., & Paulauskas, D. (2013). Evaluating the width of navigational channels. Transport, 28(2), 166–174.

Saraiji, R., Harb, A., & Hamdan, M. O. (2011). Performance of LED street lights in hot environments. In K. Domke & C. A. Brebbia (Eds.), Light in engineering, architecture and environment (pp. 147–158). WIT Press.

Sledevič, T. (2016). An efficient implementation of lattice-ladder multilayer perceptrons in field programmable gate arrays (Doctoral dissertation). Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius, Lithuania., C. (2010). Developing a knowledge sharing model for the implementation of the learning organization in Thailand (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Wilson, B. (2000). Typescript of short story Brothers and Sisters by Budge Wilson. Budge Wilson fonds (MS-2-650.2013-070, Box3, Folder 9). Dalhousie University Archives, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

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