Please use the APA (surname and year) short reference system for citations in the text with a detailed alphabetical list at the end of the paper. For the work by two authors both should be mentioned every time. The word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and the ampersand in parentheses should be used, e.g. Brown and Caste (2004)… or (Brown & Caste, 2004). The first author’s surname followed by et al. should be used if the item have three or more authors (Singh et al., 2012). Write out the full name of the organizations or groups that serve as authors the first time they appear in the text, e.g. (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University [VGTU], 2018). For subsequent citations, the name of the group or organization may be abbreviated (VGTU, 2018). In case the list of references includes persons bearing the same surnames, the first letter of the author’s name should be indicated, e.g. (V. Paulauskas & D. Paulauskas, 2013). Sources of the same authors and the same year should be mentioned in the following way (Liu, 2013a, 2013b). In case no author is indicated, the title of the source in the signal phrase, and the first word or two of the title in the parentheses should be used (Oxford Dictionary of English, 2010). If there is no date in the source, the abbreviation “n.d.” (for “no date”) should be used. Two or more works by different authors who are cited within the same parentheses should be listed in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname and putting semicolons between them. Please use the transliterated (not translated) version of the names and sources in Cyrillic according to the USA Library of the Congress Romanization rules https://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/roman.html.

See examples in Reference list:

-    For a book (Montgomery, 2012; Oxford Dictionary of English, 2010);

-    For chapters or parts of edited works included in collections or textbooks (Slack, 2007);

-    For journal articles (Chrobot-Mason & Aramovich, 2013; Davoudabadi et al., 2019; Liu, 2013a, 2013b; V. Paulauskas & D. Paulauskas, 2013);

-    For internet documents (Brown, 2019; Klibanoff, n.d.);

-    For online newspapers (Isaak & Conger, 2018);

-    For conference proceedings:

a)       published (Saraiji, Harb, & Hamdan, 2011);

b)      unpublished (Brown & Caste, 2004);

-    For thesis or dissertation (Sledevič, 2016; Suwetwattanakul, 2010);

-    For technical reports (Eller & Olson, 2009);

-    For working papers (Altunbas, Manganelli, & Marques-Ibanez, 2011);

-    For quality standards (European Committee for Standardization, 2005; International Organization for Standardization, 1998);

-    For EU publications (European Parliament & Council of the European Union, 2009);

-    For videos (Harvard University, 2019);

-    For social media posts (Gates, 2019; News from Science, 2019);

-    For archives (Wilson, 2000).

 

Examples

Altunbas, Y., Manganelli, S., & Marques-Ibanez, D. (2011). Bank risk during the financial crisis. Do business models matter? (ECB Working Paper Series 1394). European Central Bank.

Bown, J. (2019, December 17). How charity apps may be making us more generous. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50572939

Brown, S., & Caste, V. (2004, May). Integrated obstacle detection framework. Paper presented at the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Detroit, MI.

Chrobot-Mason, D., & Aramovich, N. P. (2013). The psychological benefits of creating an affirming climate for workplace diversity. Group & Organization Management, 38(6), 659689. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601113509835

Davoudabadi, R., Mousavi, S. M., Šaparauskas, J., & Gitinavard, H. (2019). Solving construction project selection problem by a new uncertain weighting and ranking based on compromise solution with linear assignment approach. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 25(3), 241–251. https://doi.org/10.3846/jcem.2019.8656

Eller, A., & Olson, R. (2009). Recycled pavements using foam asphalts in Minnesota (Report No. MN/RC 2009-09). Minnesota Department of Transportation.

European Committee for Standardization. (2005). Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-9: Fatigue (EN 1993-1-9). https://www.phd.eng.br/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/en.1993.1.9.2005-1.pdf

European Parliament, & Council of the European Union. (2009). Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32009L0028

Gates, B. [@BillGates]. (2019, September 7). Today, it’s difficult for researchers to diagnose #Alzheimers patients early enough to intervene. A reliable, easy and accurate diagnostic would [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/BillGates/status/1170305718425137152

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guRoWTYfxMs

International Organization for Standardization. (1998). Ergonomics of the thermal environment – Instruments for measuring physical quantities (ISO 7726:1998). Geneva, Switzerland. Isaak, M., & Conger, K. (2018, October 2). Facebook hack puts thousands of other sites at risk. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com

Klibanoff, A. (n.d.). How sweet it is: the lowdown on sugar substitutes. Retrieved January 8, 2020, from https://www.wellwellwell.com/the-lowdown-on-sugar-substitutes/

Liu, P. (2013a). Some geometric aggregation operators based on interval intuitionistic uncertain linguistic variables and their application to group decision making. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 37(4), 24302444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2012.05.032

Liu, P. (2013b). Some generalized dependent aggregation operators with intuitionistic linguistic numbers and their application to group decision making. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, 79(1), 131143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcss.2012.07.001

Montgomery, D. C. (2012). Introduction to statistical quality control (7th ed.). Wiley.

News From Science. (2019, June 21). Are you a fan of astronomy? Enjoy reading about what scientists have discovered in our solar system – and beyond? This [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/ScienceNOW/photos/a.117532185107/10156268057260108/?type=3&theater

Oxford Dictionary of English (3rd ed.). (2010). Oxford University Press.

Paulauskas, V., & Paulauskas, D. (2013). Evaluating the width of navigational channels. Transport, 28(2), 166–174. https://doi.org/10.3846/16484142.2013.802746

Saraiji, R., Harb, A., & Hamdan, M. O. (2011). Performance of LED street lights in hot environments. In K. Domke & C. A. Brebbia (Eds.), Light in engineering, architecture and environment (pp. 147–158). WIT Press. https://doi.org/10.2495/LIGHT110131

Slack, B. (2007). The terminalisation of seaports. In J. Wang, D. Olivier, T. Notteboom, & B. Slack (Eds.), Ports, cities, and global supply chains (pp. 4150). Ashgate.

Sledevič, T. (2016). An efficient implementation of lattice-ladder multilayer perceptrons in field programmable gate arrays (Doctoral dissertation). Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius, Lithuania. http://dspace.vgtu.lt/handle/1/2615

Suwetwattanakul, C. (2010). Developing a knowledge sharing model for the implementation of the learning organization in Thailand (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Wilson, B. (2000). Typescript of short story Brothers and Sisters by Budge Wilson. Budge Wilson fonds (MS-2-650.2013-070, Box 3, Folder 9). Dalhousie University Archives, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

 

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